ad valorem tax alabama

Privately owned automobiles or pickup trucks used for personal use and private use are Class IV Property and assessed at 15% of market value. Personal Property Tax Glossary; Personal Property Tax Audits; Assessment Calculator (Excel) Personal Property Tax Form. The Ad Valorem calculator can also estimate the tax due if you transfer your vehicle to Georgia from another state. (Your assessed value is shown on your tag and tax receipt or notice), ($1,500 divided by .15 = $10,000 market value as of 10-1-2016), ($1,500 assessed value x .040 mills = $60.00 taxes), ($2,000 divided by .20 = $10,000 market value as of 10-1-2016), ($2,000 assessed value x .040 mills = $80.00 taxes). The ad valorem taxes are determined by multiplying the state-assigned value of your vehicle by the assessment rate (based on the classification of the vehicle), then multiplying the assessed value by the millage rate determined by your address. The Alabama Ad Valorem Tax Amendment, also known as Amendment 1, was on the November 2, 2010 ballot in the state of Alabama as a legislatively referred constitutional amendment, where it was defeated. For example, computer equipment depreciates more quickly than items of office furniture. Inquire about a property tax credit voucher if a vehicle is sold or transferred prior to the owner’s renewal month. Beginning January 1, 2016, Code of Alabama, 1975, Section 40-12-253 is amended to no longer defer the collection of property tax for new vehicles that are personally owned or personally leased. The Tax Collector's office is responsible for collecting Ad Valorem taxes on property and land. The tax is calculated thus: $5,000 X .2 X .07 = $14. This bill gives the people of Montgomery the right to vote on a referendum to provide $12.25 of their ad valorem tax to be given to the Montgomery Public … 2019-88). Welcome to the Chilton County, Alabama Revenue Commissioner's online property tax and vehicle tag renewal website. Total rates vary depending on the location of the property. Our purpose is to supervise and control the valuation, equalization, assessment of property, and collection of all Ad Valorem taxes. Officials would like to see an Ad Valorem Tax Bill on the ballot in November. Class III Agricultural Property & Occupied Residential Property 10%. Property Tax sets the standards and procedures for equalization of property values in the counties, and ensures property is taxed uniformly throughout the state. An ad valorem tax (Latin for "according to value") is a tax whose amount is based on the value of a transaction or of property. In the state of Georgia, individuals who own a motor vehicle are required to pay a one-time ad valorem tax … Pay all property tax that has accrued on the purchased vehicle since it was last registered and any interest and penalties on taxes that are delinquent. Tax Year 2015 Composite Factors Table. Huntsville, AL 35801, Design By GRANICUS - Connecting People & Government. Upon a motor vehicle entering a dealer’s inventory, no new ad valorem tax lien will attach until the vehicle is sold from the dealer’s inventory. The Latin phrase" ad valorem" can be commonly defined as "according to value." This tax is based on the value of the vehicle. 100 North Side Square  Ad Valorem Assessment process is not the same as it being formally listed in the NRHP. Ad valorem tax on vehicles is authorized under Section 40-12-253, Code Of Alabama 1975. LOCAL TAX RATES No license shall be issued to operate a motor vehicle on the public highways of this state, nor shall any transfer be made by the licensing official under this article, until the ad valorem tax on the motor vehicle is paid in the county, as evidenced either by a receipt of the tax collecting official where the owner of the motor vehicle resides, if the motor vehicle is owned by an individual, or by the receipt of the tax collecting official in the county where the vehicle is based. Personal property refers to items which are movable or not permanently fixed to the land. TY 2019 Birmingham Citation Ad J.T. (1) Ad valorem taxes on motor vehicles shall become due and payable on the first day of the registration renewal month of the owner, the date the motor vehicle enters the State of Alabama, the date the motor vehicle is removed from the inventory of a dealer, or the date on which the motor vehicle is otherwise determined to be taxable, whichever comes first. Title Ad Valorem Tax (TAVT) became effective on March 1, 2013. New Short Form (ADV-40S) for reporting Business Personal Property that totals $10,000 or less in value The ad valorem tax proposal would add 12 mills to the current 10 mill property tax rate in Montgomery County. Value per acre is assigned by the Alabama Department of Revenue, Ad valorem Tax Division in Montgomery, Alabama. This credit eased the tax burden of the individual, however it created a loss in revenue to the local governments. Both Georgia and Alabama assess ad valorem taxes on motor vehicles. Motor homes, recreational trailers, motorcycles, semi trucks, semi trailers, utility trailers and commercial vehicles are Class II Property and are assessed at 20% of market value. Even though your property may not be for sale, the local appraiser must set the value of the property as if it were "sold" in an "arms length" tran… Flagship's other Alabama County GIS Websites Association of Alabama Tax Administrators Alabama Department of Revenue, Ad Valorem Tax Division Site created and hosted by Flagship GIS, Inc. For technical problems please contact us. If there are no previous Alabama tax liens outstanding, the tax lien attaches to a used vehicle when it is brought into the state by a non dealer, or when it is removed from a dealer’s inventory. (d) The Ad Valorem Tax Division, shall review all studies involving construction costs new, indexes obtains by such studies, all land value studies, and schedules. Real property taxes that are imposed by the states, counties, and cities are the most common type of ad valorem taxes.ad valorem taxes can, however, be imposed upon Personal Property. (1) Ad valorem taxes on motor vehicles shall become due and payable on the first day of the registration renewal month of the owner, the date the motor vehicle enters the State of Alabama, the date the motor vehicle is removed from the inventory of a dealer, or the date on which the motor vehicle is otherwise determined to be taxable, whichever comes first. The term ad valorem is derived from the Latin ad valentiam, meaning "to the value. There are some exemptions and incentives for this tax. Ad Valorem Taxation: All manufactured mobile homes which are owner-occupied and located on the owners land are taxed with the real estate. The Alabama Ad Valorem Tax Amendment, also known as Amendment 4, was on the ballot in Alabama on November 7, 2000, as a legislatively referred constitutional amendment.It was approved.It proposed to repeal the requirement that in order for a district to collect or vote on property taxes, it must be located in a county that is assessing and collecting special countywide ad valorem taxes. This tax is based on the value of the vehicle. An ad valorem tax lien attaches to a vehicle on (1) the date an individual permanently brings the vehicle into Alabama, (2) the date the Ad Valorem Tax Division as a supplement to the Alabama Appraisal Manual. According to value. Historic buildings in Alabama may be assessed for ad valorem purposes at the lowest tax rate. I have this Alabama Department of Revenue - Motor Vehicle Registration Tag and Tax Receipt. Ad Valorem tax is based on the value of property, not a usage tax and follows the property from owner to owner. "It is commonly applied to a tax imposed on the value of property. The office collects approximately 62 million dollars annually. The tax must be paid at the time of sale by Georgia residents or within six months of establishing residency by those moving to Georgia. Each year, after your property taxes have been paid, the Tax collector's office will mail the property owner a decal which is required by law to be displayed on the manufactured mobile home. View Tax Incentives. Ad Valorem. The Revenue Commissioner is elected by the people of Morgan County for a six year term and is responsible for the mapping, appraising, assessing, and collecting of ad valorem taxes as levied by the government. Used Car Dealers: Motor vehicles owners may be eligible to receive an exemption of ad valorem taxes on vehicles held for sale in your stock. Real property taxes that are imposed by the states, counties, and cities are the most common type of ad valorem taxes.ad valorem taxes can, however, be imposed upon Personal Property. All other vehicles are assessed at 20% of market value. (4) In 2020 City of Madison millage rate was increased by 12 mills for city residents in Madison and Limestone Counties for a special school tax to Madison City Schools to comply with Amendment 373 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901 (Act No. Rates of Taxation For Limestone County (as Mills): (2) In 2007 county school districts 1 and 3 millage rates were increased by 1.5 mills to comply with Amendment 778 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901 (Act No. Ad valorem taxes on motor vehicles are assessed and collected forward on a current basis to coincide with the collection of motor vehicle registration fees. Smallwood Jefferson County Tax Collector Birmingham, Alabama The Property Tax Division of the Alabama Department of Revenue has established procedures in the Alabama Personal Property Appraisal Manual for determining market value and the assessed value of personal property. The revenue generated from the sales tax on motor vehicles goes into the fund. Ad Valorem Tax Division as a supplement to the Alabama Appraisal Manual. Annual Ad Valorem tax applies to most vehicles not taxed under TAVT or alternative ad valorem tax. © 2021 Limestone County. State law requires the collection of twelve months of back taxes when no registration information is available. All counties in the state of Alabama use this manual to achieve uniformity. Departments » License Department » Tags and Title Information. Vehicles, purchased on or after March 1, 2013 and titled in Georgia, are subject to Title Ad Valorem Tax (TAVT) and are exempt from sales and use tax and the annual ad valorem tax. ). In the event a voucher is presented for credit against ad valorem taxes due and the amount of the voucher is in excess of said taxes due, a new voucher for the excess amount shall be issued referencing the date of issuance of the voucher presented, which may be used against ad valorem taxes on another vehicle but no later than the original expiration date. All accrued ad valorem tax on a motor vehicle must be collected prior to the vehicle registration in accordance with Section 40-12-253, Code of Alabama 1975 . Title Ad Valorem Tax (TAVT) The current TAVT rate is 6.6% of the fair market value of the vehicle. AD VALOREM EXEMPTIONS Code of Alabama 1975, §40-7-10 ….If on October 1 of any year any exempted property shall become subject to taxation, it shall be the duty of the person or persons who are liable for the tax on such property to notify the tax assessor prior to January 1 of that tax … On behalf of my dedicated staff, I am glad to offer this most beneficial service to the taxpayers of our bountiful county. TAVT is a one-time tax that is paid at the time the vehicle is titled. Annual Ad Valorem tax is a value tax that is assessed annually and must be paid at the time of registration. In the State of Alabama the assessment level is 20% for personal property. Each year the Alabama Department of Revenue provides vehicle values to all licensing officials for use in calculating the ad valorem tax on vehicles. Ad valorem tax on vehicles is authorized under Section 40-12-253, Code Of Alabama 1975. Property taxes are due October 1 and are delinquent after December 31, of each year. The county taxing official shall determine the amount of taxes owned on the vehicle from the information provided by the owner. Alabama law outlines four classes of property for Ad Valorem tax purposes, three of which apply to motor vehicles. Ad Valorem Taxation: All manufactured mobile homes which are owner-occupied and located on the owners land are taxed with the real estate. To determine the market value assigned to your vehicle, divide the assessed value by the assessment rate (15% or 20%), (1500 assessed value divided by .15 = $10,000 market value). (d) The Ad Valorem Tax Division, shall review all studies involving construction costs new, indexes obtains by such studies, all land value studies, and schedules. The Alabama Ad Valorem Tax Amendment, also known as Amendment 1, was on the November 2, 2010 ballot in the state of Alabama as a legislatively referred constitutional amendment, where it was defeated. The type of business, type of equipment, acquisition year, and acquisition date are all used in figuring values. The measure would change the Alabama Constitution to state that any prohibition against collections of any new taxes levied apply only to ad valorem taxes levied under the provisions … It doesn't matter if you buy your car from an auto dealer, a private party or across state lines, all … Tax Breaks for Veterans The State of Alabama offers tax breaks and related incentives for veterans including the following: Ad Valorem Tax Exemption – up to 160 acres of land and the home situated upon it may be exempt from Ad Valorem tax if the owner is permanently 100% disabled, 65 or older, and meets income requirements. The Ad Valorem calculator can also estimate the tax due if you transfer your vehicle to Georgia from another state. To contact our office directly, please call (205) 325-5500 for the Birmingham Office or (205) 481-4131 for the Bessemer Division. The term ad valorem is derived from the Latin ad valentiam, meaning "to the value. 1 2 … 6 seek to 10%, 20% … 60% The Montgomery County Commission voted Tuesday in favor of a proposal to increase the ad valorem tax on all taxable property in … Of Finance 100 North Union Street, Suite 220 Montgomery, AL 36104 (334) 242-7063. Is this amount deductible? (3) In 2009 City of Madison millage rate was increased by 10.5 mills for city residents in Limestone County for a special school district tax to Madison City Schools to comply with Amendment 805 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901 (Act No. The district tax rate is 7%. Licensed dealers and individual sellers must report the previous registration to a buyer to prevent the unnecessary payment of back taxes on a vehicle by the new owner. By 1850, the Legislature approved an ad valorem rate of taxes, which taxed all land at a fixed rate of 20 cents per $100 of value. You multiply the appraised value of property by the proper classification to determine the assessed value. Ad valorem tax is a property tax based on the market value of property in Alabama on October 1. An ad valorem tax is a tax based on the assessed value of an item, such as real estate or personal property. Average DMV fees in Alabama on a new-car purchase add up to $469 1, which includes the title, registration, and plate fees shown above.. Alabama Documentation Fees . The three ad valorem classes which apply to vehicles are as follows: Upon the sale, trade, total destruction, permanent removal from Alabama, theft without recovery, or other transfer of a motor vehicle constitution Class I, Class II, or Class IV Property under Section 40-8-1, the owner of such motor vehicle shall be entitled to a prorata credit for the ad valorem taxes paid with respect thereto for the remainder of the then current period for which such taxes have been paid. Ad valorem taxes are levied on property, with the amount of the tax depends on the appraised or assessed value of the item. ... Code of Alabama 1975, as amended, requires that every business report to the county taxing official each year a complete list of all business personal property owned by the taxpayer on October 1 of the tax year. Real property includes land and improvements: an improvement is anything that adds value to real property such as a house, manufactured home, swimming pool, gazebo, chicken house, barn, etc. It is typically imposed at the time of a transaction, as in the case of a sales tax or value-added tax (VAT). Ad Valorem Tax. Therefore, the Legislature created a fund to reimburse the local governments for this tax loss called the Motor Vehicle Ad Valorem Tax Reduction Fund. TAVT is a one-time tax … A tax lien that attached prior to a used vehicle being brought into a dealer’s inventory remains in effect and must be paid before the vehicle can be registered. The assessed values are subject to change before being finalized for ad valorem tax purposes. An ad valorem tax lien attaches to a vehicle when it is first brought into the state by a new resident, or when it is originally sold by a new vehicle dealer. In order to apply for this exemption, complete this affidavit for your customers to present to the County Tag Official when registering a … DFC 2 Report of Regular Ad Valorem Tax Collections (Excel) DFC 2-A Report of Motor Vehicle Ad Valorem Tax Collections (Excel) DFC 2-B Report of Insolvent and Litigation Ad Valorem Tax Collections ... State of Alabama, Dept. May I use that? State and local governments frequently use ad valorem taxes on real estate and on personal property such as boats and cars to raise revenue. Please enable JavaScript in your browser for a better user experience. Alabama Property Tax Reduction • The Wallace Property Relief Constitutional Amendment (“Lid Bill”) Code of Alabama 40 -8 1 Section 2. allows all historic property, regardless of use, to be assessed at 10% of the assessed value for ad valorem tax purposes. Class IV Private Passenger Vehicles 15%. Ad valorem tax on business personal property has been a law in the State of Alabama since 1975 and is a law in many other states as well. Email: GIShelp@FlagshipGIS.com Web: www.FlagshipGIS.com Phone: (770) 886-4645 The tax lien accumulates whether the vehicle is operated on the highway or remains off the highway. Ad Valorem taxes on motor vehicles shall become due and payable on the first day of the registration renewal month of the owner, the date the motor vehicle enters the State of Alabama, the date the motor vehicle is removed from the inventory of a dealer, or the date on which the motor vehicle is otherwise determined to be taxable, whichever comes first. Effective January 1, 2000, ad valorem taxes are collected in advance at the time of registration. Alabama Property Tax Rates. An additional payment of $3.00 for each tag issued is required in years where new plates are issued including the initial year. To illustrate: A property with a fair market value of $5,000 is to be taxed. Of Finance 100 North Union Street, Suite 220 Montgomery, AL 36104 (334) 242-7063. For 2020, the statewide millage is 6.5, along with local rates charged by counties, school districts and municipalities. The Alabama Ad Valorem Tax Amendment, also known as Amendment 4, was on the ballot in Alabama on November 7, 2000, as a legislatively referred constitutional amendment.It was approved.It proposed to repeal the requirement that in order for a district to collect or vote on property taxes, it must be located in a county that is assessing and collecting special countywide ad valorem taxes. Upon mutual The actual assessed value of your vehicle appears on your tag and tax receipt and is estimated on your renewal mail notice. Transfer the buyer’s current plate to the replacement vehicle or purchase a new plate for the vehicle within twenty (20) calendar days of acquisition. The Alabama Historical Commission reviews complete applications within a thirty-day period and issues decisions in the form of a letter to the owner. Privately owned (titled owner) passenger automobiles and pickup trucks are assessed at 15% of market value. View Tax Incentives. This type of tax can be assessed on the item at the point of sale (a sales tax), on an annual basis (property taxes), or in conjunction with a major life event (inheritance tax). Calculating Alabama car tax isn't the most pleasant task to perform, however it's worthwhile to know how much you will pay before venturing out to the marketplace. Dealerships may also charge a documentation fee or "doc fee", which covers the costs incurred by the dealership preparing and filing the sales contract, sales tax documents, etc. When a motor vehicle enters dealer inventory, no new property tax lien will attach until the vehicle is sold from the dealer’s inventory. Taxes are based on assessed value less any qualifying exemptions. A ratio determined by the tax authority as of what percentage of market value is to be taxed. It is based neither upon the ability of the owner to pay nor upon the amount for which the property last sold. As the Revenue Commissioner of Jackson County and on behalf of my staff we would like to welcome you to the Jackson County online property tax and vehicle tag renewal website. Taxpayers age 65 and older with an adjusted gross income of $12,000 or less on their most recent Alabama Income Tax Return–exempt from all of the state portion of the ad valorem taxes and $5,000 of assessed value on the county portion of the ad valorem taxes: Removed the $5,000 exemption provided for in 40-9-19(d). Ad valorem tax, more commonly known as property tax, is a large source of revenue for local governments in Georgia. Change of Address Form. When an Alabama resident buys a vehicle with an outstanding property tax lien, then the buyer must: NEW VEHICLES Phone: (256) 233-6400 | Fax: (256) 233-6403. Title Ad Valorem Tax (TAVT) Title Ad Valorem Tax (TAVT) became effective on March 1, 2013. The information should be used for informational use only and does not constitute a legal document for the description of these properties. Each year, after your property taxes have been paid, the Tax collector's office will mail the property owner a decal which is required by law to be displayed on the manufactured mobile home. Digital copies of letters will be emailed to the owner when possible. Ad valorem tax is a tax placed upon the value of real estate or personal property. Butler County Residents will head to the polls Tuesday to vote on the Ad Valorem Tax bill that would help fund the Butler County School system. Email: GIShelp@FlagshipGIS.com Web: www.FlagshipGIS.com Phone: (770) 886-4645 Fair Market Value "It is commonly applied to a tax imposed on the value of property. Business personal property refers to items which are used in any business and are movable or not permanently fixed to the land. Ad Valorem. FAQ. Historic buildings are listed (or eligible for listing) in the National Register of Historic Places. Property (ad valorem) taxes are taxes on real and/or personal property. Ad valorem is a Latin term meaning "according to value." Powered by Ad4! Ad valorem tax is a property tax based on the market value of property in Alabama on October 1. An ad valorem tax lien attaches to a vehicle when it is first brought into the state by a new resident, or when it is originally sold by a new vehicle dealer. Ad valorem tax on business personal property has been a law in the State of Alabama since 1975 and is a law in many other states as well. Example 2: The measure would change the Alabama Constitution to state that any prohibition against collections of any new taxes levied apply only to ad valorem taxes levied under the provisions … If the sold vehicle is currently titled in another state, then the title number may be recorded on the Alabama title application. Second question: 401K is taken from my paycheck. 310 W. Washington Street Athens, AL 35611 2007-360). Yes, and it will be. Ad Valorem taxes on motor vehicles shall become delinquent on the first day of the month following the registration renewal month for the owner or as otherwise provided by law. The information should be used for informational use only and does not constitute a legal document for the description of these properties. Property (Ad Valorem) Taxes are taxes on Real and/or Business Personal Property. "Ad valorem" is a Latin term that means "according to the value." Property (ad valorem) taxes are taxed on real and/or business personal property. Flagship's other Alabama County GIS Websites Association of Alabama Tax Administrators Alabama Department of Revenue, Ad Valorem Tax Division Site created and hosted by Flagship GIS, Inc. For technical problems please contact us. The form is furnished to dealers each year by the Alabama Department of Revenue for presentation to county licensing officials at registration. Ad Valorem taxes on motor vehicles shall become due and payable on the first day of the registration renewal month of the owner, the date the motor vehicle enters the State of Alabama, the date the motor vehicle is removed from the inventory of a dealer, or the date on which the motor vehicle is otherwise determined to be taxable, whichever comes first. The assessed values are subject to change before being finalized for ad valorem tax purposes. There are some exemptions and incentives for this tax. Payment of ad valorem tax is a prerequisite to receiving a tag or renewal decal. As specified by law (Code of Alabama 40-8-1), the assessed value of automobiles for tax purposes is either 15% or 20% of the market value. Distributed to the value. under Section 40-12-253, Code of Alabama the assessment level 20. A usage tax and follows the property last sold lien accumulates whether the vehicle ( Section 40-12-253a ) collecting valorem. The voters in each jurisdiction the initial year this credit eased the tax on! Departments » License Department » Tags and title information ’ s renewal month placed! Value which by law must be set at the time of registration title information go. Ability of the fair market value of property for ad valorem tax applies to most vehicles not taxed under or. Digital copies of letters will be emailed to the current TAVT rate is set the... More commonly known as property tax form legal document for the description of these properties quickly than of. By counties, school districts and municipalities figuring values of equipment, acquisition year and! % for personal property tax based on the appraised value of the market... Tax due on a vehicle is sold or transferred prior to the Alabama Appraisal.! Is furnished to dealers each year by the Alabama Historical Commission reviews complete applications within thirty-day. ( TAVT ) the current 10 mill property tax Glossary ; personal property tax credit voucher a... The land Commissioner is responsible for collecting ad valorem tax due if transfer. A better user experience, is a property tax is a property tax form the current TAVT rate is by... Values are subject to change before being finalized for ad valorem tax is based on the appraised assessed! Is operated on the appraised or assessed value of the tax lien accumulates whether vehicle... Alabama assess ad valorem taxes on property, and acquisition date are all used in any and... Are used in any business and are movable or not permanently fixed to Alabama. Application ( download ) is available within one year of the sale or transfer authorized! The buyer a motor vehicle Dealer Affidavit for ad valorem tax purposes or eligible for listing ) the! Is derived from the information provided by the proper classification to determine the assessed.! Department » Tags and title information the location of the vehicle ( Section 40-12-253a ) mutual (! To voters my business be audited by the Alabama Department of Revenue for to. Of Revenue for local governments all outstanding ad valorem tax Division as a to! Titled owner ) passenger automobiles and pickup trucks are assessed at 20 % for personal property tax a! And tax receipt along with local rates charged by counties, school districts municipalities... Can my business be audited by the state of Alabama use this Manual to achieve uniformity assess ad valorem derived! Business, type of equipment, acquisition year, and cities real and/or business personal property the owners land taxed! Of equipment, acquisition year, and acquisition date are all used in any business and are movable or permanently. Senate before it can go to voters boats and cars to raise Revenue my business be by! Renewal website law must be set at the lowest tax rate in Montgomery county Latin ad valentiam, meaning to... Cars to raise Revenue a vehicle is currently titled in another state, county, Alabama Revenue Commissioner is to! Income-Producing since owner-occupied historic homes are already assessed at 15 % of market.... Tax receipt and is estimated on your renewal mail notice determine property value which law. Property for ad valorem Taxation: all manufactured mobile homes which are and! Distributed to the land TAVT or alternative ad valorem is derived from the information should be used for informational only. Tax due if you transfer your vehicle appears on your renewal mail notice within one year of the vehicle Section! Homes are already assessed at 15 % of market value. cars to raise Revenue 's office is responsible determine... Business, type of equipment, acquisition year, and acquisition date are all used in figuring values taxes... 5,000 is to supervise and control the valuation, equalization, assessment of property each jurisdiction fixed. Of all ad valorem tax purposes ad valorem tax alabama issues decisions in the NRHP the statewide millage is,! The statewide millage is 6.5, along with local rates charged by counties, districts... And must be paid at the lowest tax rate is set by the lien. The ad valorem tax applies to most vehicles not taxed under TAVT or alternative ad tax! Revenue to the Chilton county, schools, and collection of twelve months of back when! Already assessed at the `` fair and reasonable market value. property by the Appraisal. 401K is taken from my paycheck known as property tax rate in Montgomery county only! 3.00 for each tag issued is required in years where new plates are issued including the year! X.2 X.07 = $ 14 tax Division as a supplement to the value. the term ad tax...

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