ts eliot biography

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S. Eliot Bibliography". T.S. From the Sanskrit ending of The Waste Land to the "What Krishna meant" section of Four Quartets shows how much Indic religions and more specifically Hinduism made up his philosophical basic for his thought process. https://www.britannica.com/biography/T-S-Eliot, Poetry Foundation - Biography of T. S. Eliot, The Nobel Prize - Biography of T.S. One of the most eminent modernists, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948 “for his outstanding, pioneer contributions to present-day poetry.” Eliot was the last of six surviving children. Post-war Europe under the Treaty of Versailles (which Eliot despised), the difficulty of hope and religious conversion, Eliot's failed marriage.[71]. Biography TS Eliot was arguably the 20th century's most important poet. American-English poet, playwright, and literary critic. For instance, though Ransom negatively criticised The Waste Land for its "extreme disconnection", Ransom was not completely condemnatory of Eliot's work and admitted that Eliot was a talented poet. Yeats: "The kind of poetry that I needed to teach me the use of my own voice did not exist in English at all; it was only to be found in French." By 1916 he had finished a dissertation, but he never took the final oral examination for the Ph.D. degree. Eliot particularly praised the metaphysical poets' ability to show experience as both psychological and sensual, while at the same time infusing this portrayal with—in Eliot's view—wit and uniqueness. Eliot's subject matter also became more focused on his spiritual concerns and his Christian faith. But in its sources, in its emotional springs, it comes from America."[61]. / The jew is underneath the lot. Upon his return, he arranged for a formal separation from her, avoiding all but one meeting with her between his leaving for America in 1932 and her death in 1947. A leader of the Modernist movement in poetry, his works influenced many established British poets of that day. Eliot’s criticism and poetry are so interwoven that it is difficult to discuss them separately. His father, Henry Ware Eliot (1843–1919), was a successful businessman, president and treasurer of the Hydraulic-Press Brick Company in St Louis. / Money in furs. The narrator focuses particularly on the poet's art of manipulating "Words [which] strain, / Crack and sometimes break, under the burden [of time], under the tension, slip, slide, perish, decay with imprecision, [and] will not stay in place, / Will not stay still." And then lines of poetry may come into being: not from the original impulse but from a secondary stimulation of the unconscious mind. Though he was American by birth, he steeled in England and became a British citizen in 1927. Eliot grew up within th… He wrote to J.H. [11] His first published poem, "A Fable For Feasters", was written as a school exercise and was published in the Smith Academy Record in February 1905. This scholarly supplement distracted some readers and critics from perceiving the true originality of the poem, which lay rather in its rendering of the universal human predicament of man desiring salvation, and in its manipulation of language, than in its range of literary references. These honours are displayed in order of precedence based on Eliot's nationality and rules of protocol, not awarding date. T.S. "[84] This essay was an important influence over the New Criticism by introducing the idea that the value of a work of art must be viewed in the context of the artist's previous works, a "simultaneous order" of works (i.e., "tradition"). His first important publication, and the first masterpiece of Modernism in English, was “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” (1915): Although Pound had printed privately a small book, A lume spento, as early as 1908, “Prufrock” was the first poem by either of these literary revolutionists to go beyond experiment to achieve perfection. In an essay on Eliot published in 1989, the writer Cynthia Ozick refers to this peak of influence (from the 1940s through the early 1960s) as "the Age of Eliot" when Eliot "seemed pure zenith, a colossus, nothing less than a permanent luminary, fixed in the firmament like the sun and the moon". "T. S. Eliot's Life and Career", in John A Garraty and Mark C. Carnes (eds), Plaque on interior wall of Saint Stephen's, Specific quote is "The general point of view [of the essays] may be described as classicist in literature, royalist in politics, and anglo-catholic [, Eliot, T. S. "Letter to J. H. Woods, April 21, 1919.". Eliot had no children with either of his wives. Eliot is shorter than most biographies, but that does not mean that it is an ideal biography for the general reader who is looking for an introduction to the man and his poetry. Eliot, T.S. T. S. Eliot was a British essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and “one of the twentieth century’s major poets”. [78], With the important exception of Four Quartets, Eliot directed much of his creative energies after Ash Wednesday to writing plays in verse, mostly comedies or plays with redemptive endings. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Some scholars have suggested that she and Russell had an affair, but the allegations were never confirmed.[29]. I may have expressed for them their own illusion of being disillusioned, but that did not form part of my intention"[68], The poem is known for its obscure nature—its slippage between satire and prophecy; its abrupt changes of speaker, location, and time. With the publication in 1922 of his poem The Waste Land, Eliot won an international reputation. [2] Considered one of the 20th century's major poets, he is a central figure in English-language Modernist poetry. T.S. In 1914 Eliot met and began a close association with the American poet Ezra Pound. Allen Tate perceived a shift in Eliot's method, writing, "The mythologies disappear altogether in 'The Hollow Men'." Word Count: 469. Eliot's well-earned reputation [as a poet] is established beyond all doubt, and making him out to be as unflawed as the Archangel Gabriel does him no favours. Eliot, in full Thomas Stearns Eliot, (born September 26, 1888, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.—died January 4, 1965, London, England), American-English poet, playwright, literary critic, and editor, a leader of the Modernist movement in poetry in such works as The Waste Land (1922) and Four Quartets (1943). In a series of vignettes, loosely linked by the legend of the search for the Grail, it portrays a sterile world of panicky fears and barren lusts, and of human beings waiting for some sign or promise of redemption. [48][49] Hayward also collected Eliot's pre-Prufrock verse, commercially published after Eliot's death as Poems Written in Early Youth. Eliot (September 26, 1888–January 4, 1965) was an American-born poet, essayist, publisher, playwright, and critic. The revised edition of Lyndall Gordon’s biography (2012) is a comprehensive account of Eliot’s life, dealing mainly with his life in England, and including five appendices plus a profusion of Notes. They certainly have no relation to poetry. Eliot ranks with William Butler Yeats as the greatest English language poet of the 20th Century and was certainly the most influential. [17], Eliot lived in St. Louis, Missouri for the first 16 years of his life at the house on Locust St. where he was born. [52], Eliot died of emphysema at his home in Kensington in London, on 4 January 1965,[53] and was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium. In contrast to his first marriage, Eliot knew Fletcher well, as she had been his secretary at Faber and Faber since August 1949. The poem's groundwork of orthodox Christianity discomfited many of the more secular literati. [107] In his 1934 pageant play The Rock, Eliot distances himself from Fascist movements of the 1930s by caricaturing Oswald Mosley's Blackshirts, who "firmly refuse/ To descend to palaver with anthropoid Jews". He became a British subject in 1927 at the age of 39, subsequently renouncing his American citizenship.[6]. [63] Although the character Prufrock seems to be middle-aged, Eliot wrote most of the poem when he was only twenty-two. Edwin Muir maintained that it is one of the most moving poems Eliot wrote, and perhaps the "most perfect", though it was not well received by everyone. [86] This notion concedes that a poem means what it says, but suggests that there can be a non-subjective judgment based on different readers' different—but perhaps corollary—interpretations of a work. Eliot, the 1948 winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature, is one of the giants of modern literature, highly distinguished as a poet, literary critic, dramatist, and editor and publisher. [3][2] Because of his year at Milton Academy, Eliot was allowed to earn his Bachelor of Arts after three years instead of the usual four. [110] The "new evangels"[110] of totalitarianism are presented as antithetic to the spirit of Christianity. Eliot first attracted widespread attention for his poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" in 1915, which was received as a modernist masterpiece. Thomas Stearns Eliot was an American-born, British, poet, essayist, playwright, critic, now regarded as one of the twentieth century’s major poets. He was long a critic and admirer of Elizabethan and Jacobean verse drama; witness his allusions to Webster, Thomas Middleton, William Shakespeare and Thomas Kyd in The Waste Land. Each poem is associated with one of the four classical elements, respectively: air, earth, water, and fire. Eliot Thomas Stearns Eliot was born in St. Louis in 1888 to a family with prominent New England heritage. "[36], Eliot made significant contributions to the field of literary criticism, strongly influencing the school of New Criticism. One project he had finished a dissertation, but he never visited her secular... He began to write poetry when he was a collaborative effort ; Eliot accepted credit only for young. 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